Volume 28, Issue 2 And 3 (3-2024)                   IBJ 2024, 28(2 And 3): 90-101 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: R.MODARES.AEC.1401.028

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Gheytasvand A, Bagheri H, Pourbeyranvand S, Salehnia M. Enhancement of Wound Healing and Angiogenesis Using Mouse Embryo Fibroblasts Loaded in Decellularized Skin Scaffold. IBJ 2024; 28 (2 and 3) :90-101
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-3971-en.html
Background: Synthetic and natural polymer scaffolds can be used to design wound dressing for repairing the damaged skin tissue. This study investigated acute wound healing process using a decellularized skin scaffold and mouse embryo fibroblast (MEF).
Methods: Mouse skin fragments were decellularized and evaluated by DNA content, toxicity, H&E staining, Raman confocal microscopy, Masson’s trichrome staining, SEM, and biodegradation assays. The fragments were recellularized by the MEFs, and cell attachment and penetration were studied. De- and decellularized scaffolds were used wound dressings in mouse acute wound models as two experimental groups. Using morphological and immunohistochemical assessments, wound healing was evaluated and compared among the experimental and control groups.
Results: DNA content of the decellularized tissue significantly reduced compared to the native control group (7% vs. 100%; p < 0.05). extracellular matrix components, e.g. collagen types I, III, and IV, elastin, and glycosaminoglycan, were well preserved in the decellularized group. The porosity and fiber arrangement in the stroma had a structure similar to normal skin tissue. A significant reduction in healing time was observed in the group treated with a decellularized scaffold. A thicker epidermis layer was observed in the recovered tissue in both experimental groups compared to the control group. Immunostaining showed a positive reaction for CD31 as an endothelial marker in both experimental groups, confirming new vascularization in these groups.
Conclusion: Using MEFs with decellularized skin as a wound dressing increases the rate of wound healing and also the formation of new capillaries. This system could be beneficial for clinical applications in the field of tissue engineering.


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