Volume 24, Issue 6 (11-2020)                   IBJ 2020, 24(6): 405-408 | Back to browse issues page

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Alizadeh R, Jamshidi S, Keramatipour M, Moeinian P, Hosseini R, Otukesh H et al . Whole Exome Sequencing Reveals a XPNPEP3 Novel Mutation Causing Nephronophthisis in a Pediatric Patient. IBJ 2020; 24 (6) :405-408
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-3143-en.html
Background: Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is a progressive tubulointestinal kidney condition that demonstrates an AR inheritance pattern. Up to now, more than 20 various genes have been detected for NPHP, with NPHP1 as the first one detected. X-prolyl aminopeptidase 3 (XPNPEP3) mutation is related to NPHP-like 1 nephropathy and late onset NPHP. Methods: The proband (index patient) had polyuria, polydipsia and chronic kidney disease and was clinically suspected of NPHP. After the collection of blood sample from proband and her parents, whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed to identify the possible variants in the proband from a consanguineous marriage. The functional importance of variants was estimated by bioinformatic analysis. In the affected proband and her parents, Sanger sequencing was conducted for variants’ confirmation and segregation analysis. Results: Clinical and paraclinical investigations of the patient was not informative. Using WES, we could detect a novel homozygous frameshift mutation in XPNPEP3 (NM_022098.2: c.719_720insA; p. Q241Tfs*13), and by Sanger sequencing, we demonstrated an insertion in XPNPEP3. Conclusion: The homozygous genotype of the novel p.Q241Tfs*31 variant in XPNPEP3 may cause NPHP in the early childhood age.
Type of Study: Case Report | Subject: Molecular Genetics & Genomics

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