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Background: GAI and MPSIIIB are two rare genetic disorders caused by pathogenic variants in two different genes. Here, we report a coexistence of these two different rare disorders in an individual. Methods: A four-year-old Iranian boy born to first-cousin parents suspected to have MPSIIIB and/or GAI was investigated in this study. Targeted genomic enrichment and NGS were used to examine genes related to MPS and GA. Sanger sequencing was performed to confirm the results. Results: Two homozygous likely pathogenic variants in NAGLU and GCDH genes were found and confirmed in the proband. Conclusion: A combination of specific features of two different diseases in a patient has been reported here. More studies on this case and similar cases can provide more information about the effect of simultaneous pathogenic variants in different genes.
Type of Study: Case Report | Subject: Molecular Genetics & Genomics

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