Volume 24, Issue 1 (1-2020)                   IBJ 2020, 24(1): 60-63 | Back to browse issues page

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Omori Sarabi S, Karimzad Hagh J, Behrend C, Mohseni S B, Ansari Dezfouli M, Rashidi S K et al . Characterization of a Rare Mosaicism in Autosomal Translocation of t(5;21) Using Conventional Cytogenetics and FISH Methods. IBJ 2020; 24 (1) :60-63
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-2770-en.html
Background: Mosaicism of a normal cell population and an unbalanced autosomal chromosome rearrangement is rarely seen. If the abnormal cell line contributes to a minor part of soma, the phenotype is expected to be normal. Case Report: We report a 29-year-old woman who had balance chromosomal translocation of 46,XX,t(5;21) with a two-year-old affected girl, characterized by mental retardation, dystrophia, hearing impartment, and dysphagia. Methods and Results: Cytogenetic investigation revealed a low mosaic unbalanced translocation of 46,XX,t(5;21)/ 46,XX, which was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. Studying 200 metaphases and interphases of peripheral blood sample revealed 70% partial monosomy of 21q22 and partial trisomy of 5q(35.3) and 30% of normal pattern. Conclusion: In rare cases such as this study, parents with balanced translocation with no phenotypes may lead to a mosaic unbalanced translocation with abnormal phenotypes in offspring, which underscores the need for prenatal karyotyping and genetics counseling.
Type of Study: Case Report | Subject: Related Fields

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