Volume 21, Issue 6 (11-2017)                   ibj 2017, 21(6): 349-359 | Back to browse issues page

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Golshani M, Buozari S. A review of Brucellosis in Iran: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Control, and Prevention. ibj. 2017; 21 (6) :349-359
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-2141-en.html
Brucellosis caused by species of Brucella is among the most prevalent zoonoses with the annual incidence of half a million cases globally. Most parts of Iran are endemic for brucellosis, and the annual incidence of the human and animal brucellosis is still high. At present, there is no safe and protective human vaccine against brucellosis, and the only preventive strategy is animal vaccination, which harbors significant disadvantages. Considering the identification of many immunogenic proteins in Brucella, several studies have recently been performed to evaluate the vaccine potency of such antigens as a new subunit vaccine candidate. This review represents an overview of brucellosis in Iran, including epidemiology, transmission routs, diagnosis, and treatment. Moreover, it mainly highlights the history of brucellosis control and prevention in Iran, including eradication programs, vast livestock vaccination programs, and subunit vaccine studies. It also discusses major problems that the country encounters with disease control. In recent years, Persian scientists have focused on evaluating the efficacy of best Brucella immunogens in vivo to introduce a new subunit vaccine. The results of some studies could demonstrate the vaccine potential of some immunogens
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Related Fields

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