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Immunization of C57BL/6 Mice with GRA2 Combined with MPL Conferred Partial Immune Protection against Toxoplasma gondii
Jalal Babaie, Samira Amiri, Robab Homayoun, Ebrahim Azimi, Reyhaneh Mohabati, Mahboobe Berizi, M. Reza Sadaie, Majid Golkar
Abstract:  

Background: We have previously reported that immunization with GRA2 antigen of Toxoplasma gondii induces protective immunity in CBA /J (H2k) and BALB/c mice (H2d). We aimed to examine whether immunization of a distinct strain of rodent with recombinant dense granule antigens (GRA2) combined with monophosphorryl lipid A (MPL) adjuvant elicits protective immune response against T. gondii. Methods: C57BL/6 (H2b haplotype) mice were immunized with GRA2, formulated in MPL adjuvant. Results: Strong humoral response, predominantly of IgG1 subclass and cellular response, IFN-γ, was detected at three weeks post immunization. Mice immunized with GRA2 had significantly (P<0.01) fewer brain cysts than those in the adjuvant group, upon challenge infection. Despite the production of a strong antibody response, IFN-γ production and brain cyst reduction were not significant when the immunized mice were infected four months after the immunization. Conclusions: We can conclude that GRA2 immunization partially protected against T. gondii infection in C57BL/6 mice, though the potency and longevity of this antigen as a standalone vaccine may vary in distinct genetic backgrounds. This observation further emphasizes the utility of GRA2 for incorporation into a multi-antigenic vaccine against T. gondii.

Keywords: Immunization, GRA2, Toxoplasma, MPL
Full-Text [PDF 786 kb]      
Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Molecular Immunology & Vaccines
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PMID: 28646827


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Babaie J, Amiri S, Homayoun R, Azimi E, Mohabati R, Berizi M, et al . Immunization of C57BL/6 Mice with GRA2 Combined with MPL Conferred Partial Immune Protection against Toxoplasma gondii. IBJ. 2017;
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-2095-en.html
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