Volume 20, Issue 4 (9-2016)                   ibj 2016, 20(4): 201-206 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohseni M, Razzaghmanesh M, Parsi Mehr E, Zare H, Beheshtian M, Najmabadi H. Novel CFTR Mutations in Two Iranian Families with Severe Cystic Fibrosis. ibj. 2016; 20 (4) :201-206
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-1673-en.html

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a common autosomal recessive disorder that affects many body systems and is produced by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. CF is also the most frequently inherited disorder in the West. The aim of this study was to detect the mutations in the CFTR gene in two Iranian families with CF. Methods: After DNA extraction using the salting out method, a mutation panel consisting of 35 common mutations was tested by PCR, followed by reverse hybridization Strip Assay. To confirm the mutations, we have also performed Sanger sequencing for all 27 exons, intronic flanking regions, and 5chr('39') and 3chr('39') UTRs of the CFTR gene. Results: Carrier testing in a spouse revealed a novel nonsense mutation in the CFTR gene (c.2777 T>A (p.L926X)) in exon 17 for husband and a previously described heterozygous splice site pathogenic mutation (c.1393-1G>A) in his wife. The other novel compound heterozygous missense mutation (c.3119 T>A (p.L1040H)), which was previously reported as nonsense c.3484C>T (p.R1162X) mutation, was found in exon 19 in patient screening. Conclusion: Two novel CFTR mutations in exons 17 and 19 are responsible for CF with severe phenotypes in two Iranian families. These two mutations supplement the mutation spectrum of CFTR and may contribute to a better understanding of CFTR protein function.

Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Molecular Genetics & Genomics

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