:: Volume 19, Issue 3 (7-2015) ::
ibj 2015, 19(3): 124-132 Back to browse issues page
An Enterovirus-Like RNA Construct for Colon Cancer Suicide Gene Therapy
Mahsa Rasekhian, Ladan Teimoori-Toolabi, Safieh Amini, Kayhan Azadmanesh *

Background: In gene therapy, the use of RNA molecules as therapeutic agents has shown advantages over plasmid DNA, including higher levels of safety. However, transient nature of RNA has been a major obstacle in application of RNA in gene therapy. Methods: Here, we used the internal ribosomal entry site of encephalomyocarditis virus and the 3’ non-translated region of Poliovirus to design an enterovirus-like RNA for the expression of a reporter gene (enhanced green fluorescent protein) and a suicide gene (thymidine kinase of herpes simplex virus). The expression of these genes was evaluated by flow cytometry and cytotoxicity assay in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line (SW480). We then armed RNA molecules with a target sequence for hsa-miR-143 to regulate their expression by microRNA (miRNA) mimics. Results: The results showed effective expression of both genes by Entrovirus-like RNA constructs. The data also showed that the restoration of hsa-miR-143 expression in SW480 leads to a significant translation repression of the introduced reporter and suicide genes. Conclusion: Collectively, our data suggest the potential use of Entrovirus-like RNA molecules in suicide gene therapy. Additionally, as a consequence of the possible downregulated miRNA expression in cancerous tissues, a decreased expression of gene therapy constructs armed with target sequences for such miRNA in cancer tissue is expected.

Keywords: Thymidine kinase, Polio 3’NCR, miR-143
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Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Related Fields
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Rasekhian M, Teimoori-Toolabi L, Amini S, Azadmanesh K. An Enterovirus-Like RNA Construct for Colon Cancer Suicide Gene Therapy. ibj. 2015; 19 (3) :124-132
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-1403-en.html

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