:: Volume 12, Issue 3 (7-2008) ::
IBJ 2008, 12(3): 159-165 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Distribution of Virulence Determinants in Clinical and Environmental Isolates of Vibrio cholera
Bita Bakhshi , Mohammad Reza Pourshafie , Farahtaj Navabakbar , Akbar Tavakoli , Fereshteh Shahcheraghi , Mansoor Salehi , Ziba Faradjzadegan , Seyed Mohsen Zahraei
Abstract:  
Background: The virulence of a pathogenic Vibrio cholerae is dependent on a discrete set of genetic determinants. In this study, we determined the distribution of virulence determinants among the clinical and environmental isolates of V. cholerae. Methods: The antibiotic resistance profiles of the isolates were determined using standard disk diffusion assay. PCR assay was performed to analyze the presence of toxin genes of ctx, zot and ace. The composition of cholera toxin encoding element (CTX) region flanking of the V. cholerae isolates was also analyzed. Results: All of the clinical isolates (100%) showed a complete set of virulence genes and also the attachment site of the filamentous bacteriophage CTXf. None of the environmental isolates contained the virulence genes and the attachment site of the CTXf. Analysis of the flanking regions including the toxin-linked cryptic element and repeat in toxin genes revealed their integrity in the clinical isolates while in the environmental isolates they were absent or contained incomplete sequences. Comparison of the antibiotic resistance assay of the environmental and clinical isolates showed a significant difference in the resistance profiles of the isolates obtained from the two sites. High rates of resistance to co-trimoxosol, streptomycin and chloramphenicol were found with clinical isolates. Conclusion: The absence of all virulence determinants in the environmental strains may suggest that certain ecological features must be present for V. cholerae to acquire a complete set of virulence determinants and to turn them into pathogenic strains.
Keywords: Vibrio cholerae, Virulence determinants, Environment
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Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Related Fields
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Bakhshi B, Pourshafie M R, Navabakbar F, Tavakoli A, Shahcheraghi F, Salehi M, et al . Comparison of Distribution of Virulence Determinants in Clinical and Environmental Isolates of Vibrio cholera. IBJ. 2008; 12 (3) :159-165
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-90-en.html


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