Volume 14, Issue 1 And 2 (1-2010)                   ibj 2010, 14(1 And 2): 49-57 | Back to browse issues page

PMID: 20683498
PMCID: PMC3878146

XML Print

Background: Cholesterol oxidase (CHO) has various clinical and industrial applications. Recently, microbial CHO have received a great attention for their wide usage in medicine. Here, taxonomic characterizations of isolated strain from soil, optimization of the conditions for CHO production and biochemical characterizations of produced CHO enzyme were described. Finally, CHO gene was cloned into a cloning vector. Methods: Various samples were collected and cultivated in a screening medium consisting of cholesterol. For isolation of CHO-producing bacteria, well-grown colonies were inoculated into an optimized medium. Different biochemical and microbiological tests were performed on isolated bacteria to identify their properties. For phylogenic analysis, a partial sequence of l6s rRNA was amplified by PCR using universally conserved primers. A modified method was applied for determination of CHO activity. Then, extracellular CHO activity was assessed under different temperature, pH and cholesterol concentration conditions. Finally, CHO gene was amplified by PCR and cloned into STV28. Results: According to the morphological, cultural and biochemical tests, the isolated bacterium was identified as Rhodococcus sp. strain 501 and deposited in GenBank with accession number FN298676. Results showed that optimum temperature and pH for CHO activity were 35°C and 7.5, respectively. Alignment of nucleotide sequence of CHO gene showed 99% homology with other bacterial CHO genes. Conclusion: Rhodococcus sp. strain 501 produced significant levels of extracellular CHO in an optimized medium for a short period. CHO gene was cloned into cloning vector that can be a valuable tool for better identification and further studies on gene expression.
Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Related Fields