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Abstract:  
Background: Among different roles of miRNAs in AD pathogenesis, hsa-miR-494-3p and hsa-miR-661 functions are poorly understood. Methods: To obtain the gene targets, gene networks, gene ontology, and enrichment analysis of the two miRNAs, some web servers were utilized. Furthermore, the expressions of these miRNAs were analyzed by qRT-PCR in 36 blood sera, including 18 Alzheimer’s patients and 18 healthy individuals. Results: The in silico analysis demonstrated the highlighted roles of metabolic and cellular response to stress pathways engaged in circulating hsa-miR-494-3p and hsa-miR-661 in AD. The qRT-PCR analysis showed that the downregulated expression level of hsa-miR-661 was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Also, the Roc curve of hsa-miR-661 displayed the significant AUC (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Based on our findings, the metabolic and cellular responses to stress pathways are closely connected to these two miRNAs functions. Besides, the qRT-PCR and Roc curve determined hsa-miR-661 could be as a biomarker for diagnosis or prognosis of AD patients.