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A Survey of the Common Mutations and IVS8-Tn Polymorphism of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Gene in Infertile Men with Nonobstructive Azoospermia and CBAVD in Iranian Population
Fatemeh Asadi , Reza Mirfakhraie , Farzaneh Mirzajani , Azam Khedri
Background: Studies have revealed a strong association between mutations of CFTR gene and the congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD), but the role of this gene in other types of male infertility is still unclear. The purpose of the this study was to investigate the frequency of the most common mutations of the CFTR gene (DF508, G542X, N1303K, G551D, and W1282X) in a population of infertile men with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) and CBAVD in Iran.  Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 50 NOa, 50 CBAVD, and 100 normal males (control). Genomic DNA was isolated from whole blood leukocytes, and the presence of common mutations of the CFTR gene was assessed by an amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR). Restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was also used to analyze IVS8-Tn polymorphism. Results: It was found that 16%, 8%, and 8% of patients with CBAVD were heterozygote for DF508, G542X, and N1303K, respectively. The frequency of the 5T allele was 34% and higher than the normal group (p < 0.001). None of the common CFTR gene mutations were detected in NOA patients, and no significant difference was found in the distribution of the 5T allele between the NOA patients and the control group (5 vs. 3 p = 0.721). Conclusions: Based on the present case-control study, the CFTR gene mutations and IVS8-Tn polymorphisms are correlated with CBAVD; however, extensive investigations are necessary to determine the exact relationship between the gene mutations and other forms of male infertility.
Keywords: Azoospermia, CFTR, Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens, Male Infertility, Mutation
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Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Molecular Genetics & Genomics
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