:: Volume 21, Number 2 (3-2017) ::
IBJ 2017, 21(2): 114-119 Back to browse issues page
Ghrelin Exerts Analgesic Effects through Modulation of IL-10 and TGF-β Levels in a Rat Model of Inflammatory Pain
Faranak Azizzadeh, Javad Mahmoodi, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Fereshteh Farajdokht, Gisou Mohaddes
Abstract:  

Background: Ghrelin is a peptide with attenuating effect on inflammatory pain. Both anti- and pro-inflammatory mediators have a role in the nociception and development of pain and hyperalgesia. IL-10 and TGF-β are anti-inflammatory cytokines and inhibit the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines related to peripheral and central inflammatory pain. In this study, the effects of i.p. injection of ghrelin on the early and the late phases of pain, as well as serum levels of IL-10 and TGF-β, as anti-inflammatory cytokines, were investigated in formalin-induced pain in male rats. Methods: Adult male Wistar rats (n=48) were randomly divided into six groups: control, formalin+saline, ghrelin (40, 80, and 160 μg/kg), and morphine. Ghrelin was administered i.p. 30 min before inducing pain by formalin. Pain induced by intraplantar (i.pl.) injection of 50 µl formalin 5%, and pain behavior was studied for 60 min. Serum IL-10 and TGF-β levels were assessed by ELISA method. Results: The findings of the present study showed that ghrelin with high doses (80 and 160 μg/kg) significantly reduced pain intensity in both the early and the late phases of pain. The serum levels of cytokines, IL-10, and TGF-β1 showed a significant elevation with ghrelin at dose of 160 μg/kg. Conclusion: Ghrelin is effective in reducing the intensity of both the early and the late phases of inflammatory pain. It seems that ghrelin exerts its analgesic effects in part by increasing the serum levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines.

Keywords: Pain, Ghrelin, IL-10, TGF-β, Formalin test
Full-Text [PDF 693 kb]      
Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Related Fields
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DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ibj.21.2.114
PMID: 27703278
PMCID: PMC5274710


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Azizzadeh F, Mahmoodi J, Sadigh-Eteghad S, Farajdokht F, Mohaddes G. Ghrelin Exerts Analgesic Effects through Modulation of IL-10 and TGF-β Levels in a Rat Model of Inflammatory Pain. IBJ. 2017; 21 (2) :114-119
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-1828-en.html
Volume 21, Number 2 (3-2017) Back to browse issues page
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