:: Volume 20, Issue 5 (11-2016) ::
IBJ 2016, 20(5): 259-265 Back to browse issues page
Venom Components of Iranian Scorpion Hemiscorpius lepturus Inhibit the Growth and Replication of Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 (HIV-1)
Rezvan Zabihollahi , Kamran Pooshang Bagheri , Zohreh Keshavarz , Fatemeh Motevalli , Golnaz Bahramali , Seyed Davar Siadat , Seyed Bahman Momen , Delavar Shahbazzadeh , Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi
Abstract:  

Background: During the recent years, significant progress has been achieved on development of novel anti-viral drugs. Natural products are assumed as the potential sources of novel anti-viral drugs; therefore, there are some previous studies reporting the anti-viral compounds from venomous animals. Based on the significant value for tracing of non-toxic anti-viral agents from natural resources, this study was aimed to investigate the anti-viral activity of some HPLC purified fractions derived from the venom of Iranian scorpion, Hemiscorpius lepturus, against human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) and herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1). Methods: H. Lepturus crude venom was subjected to reverse phase HPLC analysis to determine its active components precisely where four dominant fractions obtained at retention time of 156-160 minutes. The phospholipase A2 and hemolytic activities of the purified fractions were first evaluated. Then the anti-viral activity was measured using single cycle HIV (NL4-3) replication and HSV (KOS) plaque reduction assays. Results: The H. lepturus crude venom inhibited HIV replication by 73% at the concentration of 200 µg/ml, while it did not show significant anti-HSV activity. It also inhibited the cell-free viral particles in a virucidal assay, while it showed no toxicity for the target cells in a proliferation assay. The four HPLC fractions purified from H. lepturus inhibited HIV with IC50 of 20 µg/ml. Conclusion: H. lepturus venom contains components with considerable anti-HIV activity insofar as it has virucidal activity that offers a novel therapeutic approach against HIV infection. Our results suggest a promising pilot for anti-HIV drug discovery with H. lepturus scorpion venom.

Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Hemiscorpius lepturus, Venom
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Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Related Fields
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Zabihollahi R, Pooshang Bagheri K, Keshavarz Z, Motevalli F, Bahramali G, Siadat S D, et al . Venom Components of Iranian Scorpion Hemiscorpius lepturus Inhibit the Growth and Replication of Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 (HIV-1). IBJ. 2016; 20 (5) :259-265
URL: http://ibj.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-1801-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 5 (11-2016) Back to browse issues page
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