Volume 20, Issue 1 (1-2016)                   ibj 2016, 20(1): 56-62 | Back to browse issues page

PMID: 26047906
PMCID: PMC4689282

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Background: Existence of bacterial host cell DNA contamination in biopharmaceutical products is a potential risk factor for patients receiving these drugs. Hence, the quantity of contamination must be controlled under the regulatory standards. Although different methods such as hybridization assays have been employed to determine DNA impurities, these methods are labor, intensive and rather expensive. In this study, a rapid real-time PCR test was served as a method of choice to quantify the E. coli host cell DNA contamination in widely used recombinant streptokinase (rSK), and alpha interferon (IFN-&alpha) preparations. Methods: A specific primer pair was designed to amplify a sequence inside the E. coli 16S rRNA gene. Serial dilutions of DNA extracted from E. coli host cells along with DNA extracted from Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients of rSK, and IFN-&alpha samples were subjected to an optimized real-time PCR assay based on SYBR Green chemistry. Results: The test enabled us to detect a small quantity of genomic DNA contamination as low as 0.0002 picograms, in recombinant protein-based drugs. For the first time, this study showed that DNA contamination in rSK and IFN-&alpha preparation manufactured in Pasteur Institute of Iran is much lower than the safety limit suggested by the US FDA. Conclusion: Real-time PCR is a reliable test for rapid detection of host cell DNA contamination, which is a major impurity of therapeutic recombinant protein to keep manufacturers’ minds on refining drugs, and provides consumers with safer biopharmaceuticals.

Type of Study: Full Length | Subject: Related Fields